The lowest width of Siliguri Corridor is only 14 miles and it is the only way for connectivity to the north-eastern state and its 40 million trade. The Siliguri Corridor, also known as the Chicken's Neck, is a narrow stretch of land of about 22 kilometres (14 mi) width, located in the Indian state of West Bengal, that connects India's northeastern states to the rest of India, with the countries of Nepal and Bangladesh lying on either side of the corridor. It is located conveniently, connecting four international borders i.e. A quirk of South Asian political geography the Siliguri Corridor has made it quite challenging for New Delhi to effectively integrate the Northeastern states. Treaty of Sugauli in 1815 signed between Britain-Nepal, changed the prospect of Siliguri. The city is surrounded by dense forests towards north and lifeline of Siliguri, Mahananda River flows through the city thereby bisecting it into two-halves. Needless to say, as a model of development in North Bengal, China would also like to build its own economic and security ‘exclusive zone’ there. Siliguri Corridor which is 60 km long and 22 km wide in our Incredible India is known as the Chicken’s Neck which connects the North-Eastern states of India with the other parts of our country. Delhi’s strategic nightmare Like most of the borders in South Asia, the Siliguri Corridor, also known as the Chicken’s Neck, is a cartographic relic of the British decolonization process. Due to its location near Darjeeling hills and Sikkim, Bagdogra airport sees thousands of tourists annually. With China coming so close, the threat to India was also increased because if China comes here then it will be able to keep an eye on India. [54], The most commonly followed religion in Siliguri is Hinduism, with Islam being the largest minority religion, followed by small percentage of adherents of Christianity and Buddhism. [14], Siliguri has great strategic importance in West Bengal. S.A.I or Sports Authority of India in Kanchenjunga Stadium conducts football and athletics. [169][170] The Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary is located 13 km (8.1 mi) away from Siliguri on the foothills of the Himalayas, between Teesta and Mahananda.The sanctuary spans over 159 km2 (61 sq mi) of reserve forest. Beside, the 75-kilometre long track will also help better integrate the rest of the country with the Siliguri corridor, also known as the 'Chicken's Neck.' [23][24][25][26] Siliguri: Trafficking and consumption patterns of heroin are also witnessing strong impact of Covid 19 lockdown.The change, as observed by United Nations research study, is now surfacing along Siliguri Corridor.The infamous drug trafficking route that runs through the districts of northern West Bengal with Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan or Tibet at stone throw distance. [28] January is the coldest month with an average temperature of 16.1 °C. Sukna is the gateway to this sanctuary, which is 12 km from Siliguri. This narrow strip — which slims down to 17 kilometres at its narrowest — is also known by a more appropriate name: Chicken's Neck. [55] The major religious festivals celebrated by Bengali Hindus are Durga Puja, Kali Puja, Saraswati Puja, Lokkhi Puja, and Dol Jatra, and for Bengali Muslims the major religious festivals are Eid al-Fitr, and Eid al-Adha. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. The North-east states are connected with the rest of India via the “Siliguri Corridor” also known as the “chicken’s neck” – a narrow strip of land that is … Sal occupies about 80% of all vegetation in these tropical forest. The strategically vulnerable Indian states border Tibet in the north and are connected to India’s main parts by the thin Siliguri Corridor, also known as the Chicken’s Neck, near Bangladesh. Population shares of Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe category persons in Siliguri municipal area are 8.84% and 1.25% respectively. Siliguri is located in the Terai region ("moist land"), a belt of marshy grasslands and dense tropical deciduous moist forests at the base of Himalaya range which is rich in biodiversity, containing numerous rare species of flora and fauna. In 1959, it received the status of a sanctuary mainly to protect the Indian bison and royal bengal tiger. [63] The last elections to the West Bengal Vidhan Sabha took place in 2016. White water rafting is done nearby in the Teesta river. [28] The temperature of the hottest month, August is 28.5 °C. The corridor, also known as the ‘Chicken’s Neck’, is a 22-km wide major arterial road connecting mainland India with its northeastern states and thus it is a highly sensitive area for China. [163], Darjeeling Himalayan Railway toy train runs between New Jalpaiguri, Siliguri and Darjeeling. It connects India with the North-Eastern states. Situated in the Jalpaiguri and Siliguri districts of West Bengal, Siliguri is a city known as the Gateway to North-East India. Being a transportation hub,[84] Siliguri is well connected through railway with almost all parts of the country. As far as chicken neck is concerned, China has been eyeing it for a long time. [152] Bikash Ghosh Memorial Swimming Pool is beside Kanchanjunga stadium in the city, which conducts swimming competitions. [172] The ideal tranquil location for meditation was established by Tibetan monks and followers of Dalai Lama. the ratio of sand and silt is much higher than clay. In 1938, the Union Board was set up in Siliguri under the Bengal Village Self-Government Act, 1919 and it provided public utilities in the city. Importance. This riverine trade line was thus used by the Bhutanese and Sikkimese to bring goods into their mainland. Siliguri is located ideally in Siliguri Corridor (Chicken’s neck), which is a thin strip of land connecting the Mainland of India with the north east of India. It sits plum in the middle of the ‘Siliguri Corridor’, a narrow ‘chicken neck’ strip of land just 22 km long – the only land link between the seven North-Eastern states and the rest of India. As it became a point of transit with Darjeeling hills and Nepal mainland. [50][7] There are 154 notified and 31 non-notified slums in Siliguri, with 32% of Siliguri's population staying in them. [168], North Bengal Wild Animals Park, about 8 km (5.0 mi) away from the city, offers visitors the 'Bengal Safari' to experience sub-Himalayan wildlife closely, such as jungle fowl, sambar deer, royal bengal tiger, wild boars, spotted deer, wild bear, and rhinoceros. It will also serve as a way for India to bolster its connectivity to Chicken’s Neck, also called the Siliguri Corridor, that connects the rest of the country to the eight northeastern states. The width of the corridor is less than 20km, with Nepal and Bangladesh on either side. Siliguri is a prominent town in the Darjeeling district of the state of West Bengal in India. [20], Due to tremendous growth, Siliguri is now far away from its past outlook, becoming the largest and fastest growing city in eastern India after Guwahati. [146] With the provision for an international outdoor and indoor stadium, Siliguri has enough opportunities to host national level matches. The park is a great place for fun and leisure. These forests are also home of about 243 different bird species like the pied hornbill, egret, kingfisher, drongo, fly catcher, woodpecker and others. 12) The northeastern part of India is connected to the Indian mainland by a narrow stretch of land called Chicken’s Neck (also known as Siliguri Corridor). [51] Siliguri City comes under Siliguri Jalpaiguri Planning Area and the responsibility of planning and development of the city lies with Siliguri Jalpaiguri Development Authority. [51], Linguistic groups of Siliguri in West Bengal (2011)[52], Bengali is the official language in Siliguri subdivision, including Siliguri city. Located 560 kms from Kolkata to the north, Siliguri is the twin city of Jalpaiguri and the third largest in West Bengal. Another common sight is migratory water birds.[74]. This corridor is an important and sensitive one for India. The Siliguri corridor, also known as the ‘chicken’s neck’, is also an important junction, connecting the Northeast region with the Indian mainland. According to Major General (Retd) Anbi Jaini, India’s position in this area is quite strong. [52], Bengalis form the majority linguistic group in the city, followed by Biharis, Marwaris, Punjabis, Nepalis, Odias, and Tribals. 11113-14/ Plg/ SJDA dated 04.07.2013", "NH wise Details of NH in respect of Stretches entrusted to NHAI", "New Numbering of National Highways notification - Government of India", "State-wise length of National Highways (NH) in India", "New Jalpaiguri junction railway station-connectivity", "NFR's NJP ranked 10th cleanest railway station", "New Jalpaiguri junction railway station-information", "India: the complex history of the junctions at Siliguri and New Jalpaiguri", "Surviving as a meter gauge line in the broad gauge era", "India: the complex history of Siliguri Town railway station", "Matigara Railway Station (MTRA) : Station Code, Time Table, Map, Enquiry", "International status to Bagdogra airport", "Bagdogra airport gets night landing facility", "Bagdogra backs CM flight path- Tax waiver fuels air traffic growth", "General list of universities in Siliguri", "North Bengal Dental college & hospital - nbdc, nbdch, North Bengal Dental college & hospital, nbdch.in, dental college in siliguri, dental college in hospital", "Kendriya Vidyalaya, Sevoke Road :: Home Page", "Uttarer Saradin-High Media Infotainment India Ltd", "Janpath Samachar Siliguri edition epaper", "Notable individuals visited AIR Siliguri", "Air rainbow Kurseong-Siliguri FM channel names", "Siliguri Internet & Cable TV Private Limited", "Third I-League matches in Kanchanjunga stadium", "Siliguri hailed as Bhiwani of Indian TT", "Kunchenjunga stadium all set to get facelift", "Clinical Mizoram clinch 68th Santosh Trophy in style", "Second division league venues finalized", "SAFF Women's Championship To Be Held in Siliguri", "Third I-League matches supposed to held in Siliguri", "National table tennis championships 2017 results", "North Bengal science centre attractions", "Ankita Das and Soumyajit Ghosh are the youngest Indian players to qualify for the 2012 London Olympics", "Soumyajit Ghosh becomes youngest national table tennis champ", "Man pulls train with hair in world record attempt", "Man uses his hair to pull Darjeeling Himalayan train", "Table Tennis Team - Women Melbourne 2006", List of cities in West Bengal by population, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Siliguri&oldid=1001164606, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2020, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from September 2020, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 14:24. 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