The passive posture of the Austrian Corps was due partly to a lack of orders to advance further and partly to the fact that Klenau's relatively small force was by now out of touch with the main Austrian force. Given the distance that these troops had to march in order to make contact with the enemy, it was clear to the two Korps commanders that they would be unable to attack at 4:00 as ordered. They were also in a very dangerous position. Couper la route des Indes aux Anglais. Firstly, it failed to account for the slowness of the Austrian staff work, which impaired coordination between these forces. This required time and, with the Austrians from III Korps menacingly moving forward, Napoleon counted on Maréchal Bessières's cavalry to allow Masséna to disengage and the grand battery to deploy. The corps cavalry preceded the infantry and Lasalle's squadrons caught up with Klenau's infantry near Leopoldau. He detailed Boudet's division to march on Kagran, while his other three infantry divisions marched on Leopoldau. This timely action temporarily stopped any further French advance. Although Napoleon was the uncontested winner, he failed to secure an overwhelming victory and the Austrian casualties were only slightly greater than those of the French and allies. Unable to storm the position with Frère's division, Oudinot launched a flanking attack to the right of the village, with some of his best troops: the 57th Line regiment (styled "the Terrible") and the 10th Light regiment, both from Grandjean's division. La bataille eut lieu à environ 10 km au nord-est de Vienne, dans les plaines de Marchfeld. By 1809, the state was almost bankrupt and acutely aware that it could not retain its status as a great power if it did not manage to regain some of its former influence in Germany and Italy. nécessaire]. Nordmann's men were faced with a massive artillery barrage from French batteries on Lobau island and, with increasing numbers of enemy battalions coming up, Nordmann had no option but to turn north, leaving behind detachments at Sachsengang castle and Gross-Enzersdorf. En parallèle, l'Autriche se mit en quête d'alliés. However, reinforcements were not far away: the Emperor sent in support Wrede's powerful Bavarian division, 5,500 men strong,[122] as well as the elite Chasseurs à Cheval and Chevau-légers regiments of the Imperial Guard, as well as the Saxon cavalry. Finalement, hormis la révolte pro-autrichienne d'Andreas Hofer dans le Tyrol bavarois, la tentative isolée du major Ferdinand von Schill, l'action idéaliste du jeune Friedrich Staps, les peuples allemands sous autorité française demeurèrent fidèles à Napoléon. [59], Late that night, the French Corps commanders reunited at the Emperor's headquarters at Raasdorf; only Bernadotte was absent, as he was still struggling to rally his routed infantry at Aderklaa. The Emperor rose early on 7 July and reconnoitred the battlefield in person, noting the huge losses in men on both sides and seeing that the Austrians had withdrawn. Further east, Morand, leading the French attack, faced a similar fate, when the Austrians launched a combined infantry and cavalry attack which forced the French to draw back and reform. Liechtenstein's cavalry duly came up in support, taking a wide position behind 1st Korps, between Deutsch-Wagram and Süssenbrunn, but Bellegarde chose not move beyond Aderklaa. Son armée était composée du IIe corps d'Oudinot, du IIIe corps de Davout, du IVe corps de Masséna, de l'armée d'Italie de Beauharnais, du IXe corps saxon de Bernadotte et du XIe corps de Marmont. This meant, however, that his forces had a much longer march before making contact with the enemy. [123] The Bavarian division quickly came up in support but exchanged fire with the enemy only briefly and it was solely the artillery that really came into action, as the Austrians were by now in full retreat. Napoleon's rushed crossing of the river was made on fragile, hastily built pontoon bridges, over an increasingly swollen river. [75][76][77], The task of defending Aderklaa belonged to Maréchal Bernadotte, commander of the Saxon IX Corps. The battle led to the breakup of the Fifth Coalition, the Austrian and British-led alliance against France. Additionally, towards 13:00, Nordmann became extremely concerned that the numerous French cavalry, might cut him off from the rest of the army. Further west, the division commanded by Boudet moved against the village of Essling, which fell to the French without much resistance. 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