Protea Boekhuis. localised, such as Viljoen, Today, descendants of the Boers are commonly referred to as Afrikaners. under the Cape colonists, and only the names of people and farms Many of the Huguenots who settled … Initially they concentrated on wheat and sheep farming, Those who did not have the desire or means to transplant to a new continent often opted to settle in neighboring Switzerland. The first Huguenots had in fact arrived as early as 1671, when the first Huguenot refugee, Francois Villion (later Viljoen), arrived at the Cape. [1] This assimilation into the colonial population was also due to the fact that many Huguenot descendants married individuals from the Dutch population. Afrikaners make up approximately 5.2% of the total South African population based on the number of white South Africans who speak Afrikaans as a first language in the South African National Census of 2011. The Dutch East India Company sent a few hundred to the Cape to develop the vineyards in southern Africa. Dutch Colonialism, Dutch forts, Dutch language and Dutch religion, Dutch colonial ruins, Dutch remains Translation: The French People Who Made South Africa. Whatever their contribution, it can no longer be clearly complete surnames list (original spellings) of Huguenots who emigrated George Jeffreys, followed by James Rettie, Mr J Inglis and Mr TW Engela followed by Mr L Knoetze. Bryer, Lynne and Theron, Francois. In total some 180 Huguenots from France, and 18 Walloons from present-day Belgium, eventually settled at the Cape of Good Hope. He played as a scrum half for the Blue Bulls in the Currie Cup competition and the Bulls in Super Rugby between 2002 and 2011, and for Japanese Top League side Suntory Sungoliath between 2011 and 2016. It was brought to South Africa in 1671 by French Huguenots who subsequently intermarried with the local Dutch population. They are the List of prominent South Africans of Huguenot descent. Huguenot sense for values remains, and romanticism still surrounds the years of the settlement at the Cape of Good Hope to various areas - Cape because they shared the same religious beliefs, and also due to Some Afrikaans writers have Huguenot surnames, and were involved in setting up the Society of Real Afrikaners. like their Dutch compatriots - were supporters of  Calvinism. Most French Huguenots were either unable or unwilling to emigrate to avoid forced conversion to Roman Catholicism. agriculture, science and engineering; sport and politics, as military By 1692, a total of 201 … specifically as it would provide an income sooner that would have been Wynand Olivier is a South African rugby union footballer. quality Cape wines. can be found and make queries or ask for help through the discussion facility. Its large influence within South African political and social life came to a climax with the rise of apartheid, which was largely designed and implemented by Broederbond members. legacy of the Huguenots was however far reaching. Pama, C. (Cornelis). of the Huguenot genes to the Afrikaner people amounts to some 24%. Today, the Society has nearly 2,000 members who are descendants of those Huguenots. About 200,000 Huguenots left France, settling in non-Catholic Europe - the Netherlands, Germany, especially Prussia, Switzerland, Scandinavia, and even as far as Russia where Huguenot craftsmen could find customers at the court of the Czars. Franschoek Valley (History of South Africa) Although it was hoped by many Huguenots that a separate community could be established where they could preserve their own language and culture, in reality it was a vain hope as the last thing the Dutch Administration wanted was a pocket of Frenchmen in their midst whilst at War with France. Actually the king of France and his ministers, made laws that only cathlic french should settle the provinces. Toit, Du Plessis, Du Preez and Malherbe; the spelling of others were contribution of the Huguenots in South Africa, Huguenot French, largely disappeared. It is the 12th oldest school in the country. But the Frenchmen were unhappy with the soil of their farms, and started scouting around for better land. It was in December 1689 when a group of Huguenots set sail from France to the Cape of Good Hope in South Africa. Huguenots are characterised by their intrinsic pride, diligence and Huguenots of Spitalfields is a charity based in east London, where many of the original Huguenots settled. Government Printer, Pretoria, 1978, The Some of the original forms of the surnames have been put in brackets. The school was founded in 1920 by Jan Joubert and Chris Neethling and the sister school is Afrikaanse Hoër Meisieskool. The Huguenot Heritage, The Story of the Huguenots at the Cape. South Africa occurred during 1688 - 1689. Huguenots brought with them are poplular amongst their descendants, Visagie, Jan C. Voortrekkerstamouers 1835 - 1845. The Huguenots of South Africa 301 Coertzen, P Stellenbosch University The Huguenots of South Africa in documents and commemoration ... came of the scheme to also settle “Piemontoisen” at the Cape. spelling is unchanged from the original, such as De Villiers, Malan, Du In 1692 a total of 201 French Huguenots had settled at the Cape of Good Hope. Please only add the profiles of the Stamvaders/Progenitors who came from Germany. making of wine, brandy and vinegar). the female lines. African Biographical Dictionary ("Suid-Afrikaanse White South Africans are South Africans of European descent. He represented South Africa between 2004 and 2015, winning 76 caps, playing in three Rugby World Cup tournaments, and winning the 2007 competition. of both political measures and their minority numbers. A large monument to commemorate the arrival of the Huguenots in South Africa was inaugurated on 17 April 1948 at Franschhoek. Along with the Dutch, they helped to spread Calvinism in the Cape and later in South Africa. The number of vine plants increased from 100 in 1655 The first Huguenot to permanently settle at the Cape of Good Hope was Francois Villion (presently spelled Viljoen), who arrived at the Cape already in October 1671. achievers on every terrain in South Africa - religious, social, First Edition. French Huguenot descendants were also included in the exodus of frontier farmers that was called the Great Trek. They traditionally dominated South Africa's politics and commercial agricultural sector prior to 1994. Franschhoek is a small town in the Western Cape Province and one of the oldest towns of the Republic of South Africa. Certain first names which the When even their country of birth -  and were willing to suffer What they experienced as children of the As a result, more than three-quarters of the Protestant population of 2 million converted, 1 million, and 500,000 fled in exodus. A smaller monument commemorating the 300th anniversary of the arrival of the Huguenots is located in the Johannesburg Botanical Garden. They established the settlement Jamestown on the Santee River north of Charles Town, and elsewhere in the lowcountry. personally for their religious convictions. leaders and statesmen, as poets and philosphers and authors. Lynne Bryer and Francois Theron: The Huguenots and Boer, (Dutch: “husbandman,” or “farmer”), a South African of Dutch, German, or Huguenot descent, especially one of the early settlers of the Transvaal and the Orange Free State. Paul Roos Gymnasium is a public, dual medium high school for boys in the town of Stellenbosch, Western Cape, South Africa, and opened on the 1st of March 1866 as Stellenbosch Gymnasium. indelible mark on and made a valuable contribution during the early The Havenga Prize is a prize awarded annually by the Suid-Afrikaanse Akademie vir Wetenskap en Kuns to a candidate for original research in the Sciences since 1945. Coertzen: The Huguenots of 1688-1988, Tafelberg Publishers 1988  They were purposely spread out and given farms amongst the Dutch farmers. The name of the area soon changed to le Coin Français ("the French Corner"), and later to Franschhoek, with many of the settlers naming their new farms after the areas in France from which they came. The Huguenots were given farming land in various places, where they were expected to settle: a couple in the Table valley, some in the vicinity of the present day Sometset West and Stellenbosch. day, as a reminder of their important contribution to this industry in In total, some 180 Huguenots from France and 18 Walloons from present day Belgium, settled in South Africa. After a commissioner was sent out from the Cape Colony in 1685 to attract more settlers, a more dedicated group of immigrants began to arrive. After this large scale emigration, individual Huguenot immigrant families arrived at the Cape of Good Hope as late as the first quarter of the 18th century, and the state-subsidised emigration of Huguenots was stopped in 1706. In his work  Het Chameleon Press. Their descendants are proud of ancestors who sacrificed a great deal - Afrikaans, South Africa's third most widely spoken home language, evolved as the mother tongue of Afrikaners and most Cape Coloureds. Early German Settlers of South Africa. Various French-language first names have also gained popularity amongst Afrikaners, examples being Francois, Jacques, Pierre, Charles and Eugene. Paarl Boys' High School, known in Afrikaans as Hoër Jongenskool Paarl is one of the oldest schools in South Africa, built in 1868. A French farm names in the Western Cape, reminding us of the Huguenot the Western Cape. A museum dedicated to the Huguenot history in South Africa is located adjacent to the monument. to the Cape and have descendants in South Africa, appears in the column legacy of the Huguenots is wide-ranging but subtle; throughout the 1850-1890 Passengers arriving in South African Ports- by the The Genealogical Society of South Africa They did not continue to live as an separate, clearly religion, etc. Publication date c1867 Topics Huguenots in England, Huguenots in Ireland, Huguenots in the United States Publisher New York : Harper & Brothers Collection Princeton; americana The Huguenots of South Africa 1688–1988, Pieter Coertzen & Charles Fensham, Published 1988 Tafelberg, ISBN 0-624-02623-X The French refugees at the Cape (1921), Botha, C. Graham, out of copyright at the Internet Archive The Huguenots did not settle in an organized way or area. There was a significant encouragement from the Dutch East India Company for the Huguenots to settle at the Cape. Listed below are some of the Huguenot names, which have been slightly altered to blend into the local community. On 31 December 1687 a group of Huguenots set sail from France as the first of the large scale emigration of Huguenots to the Cape of Good Hope, which took place during 1688 and 1689. The contribution of the Huguenots in South Africa. [8] [9]. Jozua Naudé in 1918 and was known as Jong Zuid Afrika until 1920, when it became the Broederbond. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "De Klerk told Mandela: Timing of release not negotiable", "The new South Africa: F W de Klerk's long trek", "Paths to Pluralism: South Africa's Early History", The French refugees at the Cape (1921), Botha, C. Graham, out of copyright, Aegidius Jean Blignaut, South African writer, H.D Viljoen (Former Inspector General SADF). especially male christian names such as Francois, Pierre, Etienne, Although they strove to maintain their own identify at first, White South Africans are by far the largest European-descended population group in Africa. Pioneer Francois Villion (later Viljoen), had arrived at the Cape in 1671. cost of which had to be later reimbursed to the Dutch East India In 2016, 57.9% were native Afrikaans speakers, 40.2% were native English speakers, and 1.9% spoke another language as their mother tongue, such as Portuguese, Greek or German. However, even before this large-scale emigration individual Huguenots such as François Villion (1671) and the brothers François and Guillaume du Toit (1686) fled to the Cape of Good Hope. Even before the large-scale arrival of the Huguenots at the Cape of Good Hope in the 17th century, a small number of individual Huguenot refugees settled there. Du Toit's, twelve on Malan's, nine on Joubert's, and eight on leven van Johannes Calvijn ("The It gave the protestants in catholic France the right to practise their belief freely, have their own church services and keep their French citizenship. Africa. Not all of these surnames exist in South Africa today, since a The first wave of French Huguenots came to South Carolina in the 1680s. they were expected to make a living from agriculture, business or by Most of these originally settled in the Cape Colony, but were absorbed into the Afrikaner and Afrikaans-speaking population, because they had religious similarities to the Dutch colonists. million in 1700. The their proud descendants carry with dignity surnames of which the https://www.museeprotestant.org/en/notice/the-huguenots-in-south-africa He currently plays for Worcester Warriors in the English Aviva Premiership competition. practicing a trade. amongst the white population, nine are of Huguenot origin. Owing to the policy instituted in 1701 of the Dutch East India Company which dictated that schools should teach exclusively in Dutch, that all official correspondence had to be done in Dutch, and strict laws of assembly, the Huguenots ceased by the middle of the 18th century to maintain a distinct identity, and the knowledge of French diminished and eventually disappeared as a home language. at left. The sister school is Eunice High School (Bloemfontein). their Heritage, Chameleon Press 1987  Hoërskool Bellville is a public Afrikaans medium co-educational high school situated in Bellville in the Western Cape province of South Africa, It is one of the top schools in the Western Cape province, It was founded in 1937. La Motte, La Cotte, Cabriere, Provence, Chamonix, Dieu Donne and La Dauphine were among some of the first established farms-—most of which still retain their original farm houses today. Examples of the more common names are Blignaut (Blignault), Cronje (Cronier), de Klerk (Le Clercq), Visagie (Visage), de Villiers, du Preez, du Plessis, du Toit, du Randt, Fourie, Fouche, Giliomee (Guilliaume), Gous / Gouws (Gauch), Hugo, Jacobs, Joubert, Jordaan (Jourdan), Labuschagne (la Buscagne), Lange, le Roux, Leonard, Lombard, Malan, Michel, Malherbe, Marais, Nel, Nortje (Nourtier), Pienaar, Retief, Rossouw, Roux, [4] Terreblanche, Taljard, Theron and Viljoen (Villion). Married in the Cape of Good Hope, they later farmed for a living near Stellenbosch. The Huguenots who arrived at the Cape of Good Hope at the end of the 17th century, consisted of only a fraction of the large-scale Protestant flight from France after the revocation of the Edict on Nantes in 1685. At first, the Huguenots were sent to farm alongside Van Der Stel’s latest flock of settlers in the Berg River Valley around the slopes of the Drakenstein (Dragon Rock) Mountains. They also started wool farming which, in time, became a very lucrative trade. A complete surnames list (original spellings) of Huguenots who emigrated to the Cape and have descendants in South Africa, appears in the column at left. Although the Huguenots settled along almost the entire eastern coast of North America, they showed a preference for what are now the states of Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and South Carolina. Afrikaners are an ethnic group in Southern Africa descended from predominantly Dutch settlers first arriving at the Cape of Good Hope in the 17th and 18th centuries. of 25 individuals with the surname De Villiers appear, seventeen about Many of these settlers were allocated farms in an area later called Franschhoek, Dutch for "French corner", in the present-day Western Cape province of South Africa. amount of necessary luggage along. The valley was originally known as Olifantshoek ("Elephant's Corner"), so named because of the vast herds of elephants that roamed the area. In 1652 the Dutch East India Company charged Jan their efforts later led to a marked increase in the improvement of In the first four volumes of the South In fact, the first Huguenot to arrive at the Cape of Good Hope was Maria de la Quellerie, the wife of governor Jan van Riebeeck, who started the settlement at the Cape of Good Hope in 1652 on behalf of the Dutch East India Company; however, she and her husband left for Batavia after ten years. French Huguenot churches were established at Jamestown, Goose Creek, and in … [2], Voortrekker surnames who were of French Huguenot ancestry include: [3] -, There are many families, today mostly Afrikaans-speaking, whose surnames bear witness to their Huguenot ancestry. Paarl is a city with 112,045 inhabitants in the Western Cape province of South Africa. The Dutch in South Africa, 1652-1795 1802-1806. French Huguenots who emigrated to South Africa. A notable example of this is the emigration of Huguenots from La Motte d'Aigues in Provence, France. His usual position is at centre. It is the fourth-oldest city and European settlement in the Republic of South Africa and the largest town in the Cape Winelands. Fleeing religious persecution of Protestants in France after the 1685 revocation of the Edict of Nantes (which had guaranteed their rights), 200 000 French Huguenots emigrated to countries such as Switzerland. relatively small in numbers . Cronjé, Pienaar, Retief and Senekal. A number of wine estates have French names to this Hoërskool Menlopark is a public Afrikaans medium co-educational high school situated in the suburb of Menlopark in Pretoria in the Gauteng province of South Africa. identified separately from that of their fellow colonists. farms, and implements, seed and animal stock would be provided, the As of 2007 the headmaster of the school is Mr Derek Swart. See more ideas about history, french history, africa. Due to these laws, those huguenots who migrated to America, did this as privat persons, … The history of the French Huguenots in South Africa started with the edict of Nantes enacted in France in 1598. The Reformation in their own country, they brought as spiritual assets to It originated from the Dutch vernacular of South Holland, incorporating words brought from the Dutch East Indies and Madagascar by slaves. If they decided to farm, they were allotted free Nobody expresses it better that Maurice Boucher in his "French The Afrikaanse Hoër Seunskool, is a public Afrikaans medium high school for boys situated in the suburb of Arcadia in Pretoria in the Gauteng province of South Africa. The progenitors of the extended Viljoen clan are François Villion and Cornelia Campenaar. Many people of European heritage in South Africa are descended from Huguenots. Other than its rich history, the school is known for all-round excellence in sport, culture, academics and the performance of notable old boys across a wide sphere of society. The Dec 23, 2019 - Huguenot history. 1987. A smaller monument commemorating the 300th anniversary of the arrival of the Huguenots is located in the Johannesburg Botanical Garden. economical, cultural, research and development in the areas of Grey College is a public English & Afrikaans medium school for boys situated in the suburb of Universitas in Bloemfontein in the Free State province of South Africa, it is one of the 23 Milner Schools, It's one of the top and most academic schools in the Free State province. A team of more than 150 athletes will fly the flag for South Africa at the 2015 All-Africa Games in Brazzaville, Republic of the Congo in September. Germany, England, America, and South Africa. Port Elizabeth and Algoa bay in 1886 - The 1820 British Settlers in South Africa The settlers who did remain as farmers, made a significant contribution to agriculture by planting maize, rye and barley. This was because like the Dutch, the Huguenots were Calvinists. the case with viticulture and oenology (the growing of grapes and their most important influence on South Africa, is the fact that they - John Ovington visited the Cape in 1693, he wrote: The number of Huguenot "stamouers" (founding fathers) only propagated in They included Francois Villion, later known as Viljoen, and the du Toit brothers. 2011. This project is devoted to the German Settlers in South Africa. Most of these originally settled in the Cape Colony, but were absorbed into the Afrikaner and Afrikaans -speaking population, because they had religious similarities to the Dutch colonists. remain. Ces Francais Qui Ont Fait L'Afrique Du Sud. Company in terms of produce or any other goods. Perhaps The school is situated in Paarl, a town in the Western Cape Province of South Africa. The wine industry in South Africa was greatly influenced by the Huguenots, [11] many of whose families had owned vineyards in France. It was founded by H. J. Klopper, H. W. van der Merwe, D. H. C. du Plessis and Rev. their new country of choice. Marais and Du Preez. Research has shown that the contribution (three years after the arrival of Jan van Riebeeck at the Cape) to 1,5 Dutch East India Company encouraged the Huguenots to emigrate to the It is about 75 kilometres from Cape Town and has a population of slightly over 15,000 people. de Klerk, the last State President of apartheid-era South Africa. Johannesburg [South Africa]: Centrak News Agency, 1939. 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