This represents a slight increase of 6% compared to the same period in 2018 (191,800). World refugee statistics for 2018 was 25,899,611.00, a 2.06% increase from 2017. In May 2010, the European Commission presented an action plan for unaccompanied minors (COM(2010) 213 final), who are regarded as the most exposed and vulnerable victims of migration. Asylum Seekers in Europe August 2020 The main source of data covering Europe as a whole is the Eurostat database. Asylum decisions in the EU. The number of first-time asylum applicants[1] in the EU-27 decreased by 30 % in the third quarter of 2020 compared with the same quarter of 2019 and increased by 132 % compared with the second quarter of 2020. The most substantial relative decrease in the number of asylum applicants in the EU in the third quarter of 2020 compared with the same quarter of 2019 was recorded for Albanians (77 % fewer), Iranians (68 % fewer), Georgians (67 % fewer), Russians (59 % fewer) and Salvadorans (58 % fewer) (Figure 2, Table 1). In December 2011, the European Commission adopted a Communication on ‘Enhanced intra-EU solidarity in the field of asylum’ (COM(2011) 835 final). The number of asylum applicants decreased most in absolute terms for citizens of Albania (3 450 fewer), Turkey (3 180 fewer), Iran (3 040 fewer), Afghanistan (2 940 fewer), Georgia (2 930 fewer), Syria (2 630 fewer), Pakistan (2 540 fewer) and Iraq (2 370 fewer) (Table 1). Some 102,600 refugees returned to their countries of origin in the first half of 2020 while 17,400 were resettled (with or without UNHCR’s assistance). The Situation. During 2018, almost 32,400 refugees were submitted by UNHCR for resettlement to 20 countries in Europe. Increases in the number of asylum applicants among the thirty main citizenship compared with the third quarter of 2019 were only recorded for Colombians (1 510 more), Hondurans (50 more) and Venezuelans (30 more). Please check your download folder. quarter of 2019 (Figure 3). bringing more harmonisation to standards of protection by further aligning the EU Member States’ asylum legislation; effective and well-supported practical cooperation; increased solidarity and sense of responsibility among EU Member States, and between the EU and non-member countries. All data presented in this publication are rounded to the nearest 5, and are provisional (except as otherwise stated) and may be subject to change. Decisions on asylum applications. Refugees and Asylees: 2019 . 30 Jan 2019 As such, the number of persons seeking asylum from non-EU countries in the EU-27 during the third quarter of 2020 amounted to 111 700 (Figure 1, Table 2). These five Member States accounted together for 91 % of all first instance decisions issued in the EU-27. Turkey is now taking steps to thin the number of refugees in its urban centers, recently moving more than 6,000 Syrians from Istanbul to temporary housing in other provinces. European Union refugee statistics for 2019 was 2,591,632.00, a 9.67% increase from 2018. In total in the EU as a whole, there were 249 first-time asylum applicants per million population in the third quarter of 2020 (Table 2). This provided proposals to reinforce practical, technical and financial cooperation, moving towards a better allocation of responsibilities and improved governance of the asylum system in the EU, namely through: In September 2020, the European Commission presented the New Pact on Migration and Asylum. 201 refugees were resettled via the Vulnerable Children’s Resettlement Scheme in the same time period. RYAN BAUGH . The number of first-time asylum applicants in the EU-27 accounted for 89 % of the total number of asylum applicants[2] (125 000), recorded in the third quarter of 2020 (Figure 1, Table 2). ... Italy and Spain en route to Europe since 2015. Syrian was the main citizenship of asylum seekers in nine EU Member States, Afghan in five, while Venezuelan, although among the top 3, was the main citizenship in only one EU Member State, namely Spain (Table 3). In relative terms, Hungary (95 % fewer), Ireland (75 % fewer), Estonia (65 % fewer), Portugal (64 % fewer) and Lithuania (63 % fewer) recorded the largest relative decreases in first-time asylum seekers. In total in the EU as a whole, there were 249 first-time asylum applicants per million population in the third quarter of 2020 (Table 2). It reflects the reality that most migrants come to the EU through legal channels, which should be better matched to EU labour market needs. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. This page was last modified on 16 December 2020, at 15:10. We have provided a few examples below that you can copy and paste to your site: Your image export is now complete. The EASO became fully operational in June 2011 and has worked to increase its capacity, activity and influence, working with the European Commission and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). Most settled in cities such as Istanbul, where they can find work. It also provides technical and operational support to EU Member States facing particular pressures (in other words, those EU Member States receiving large numbers of asylum applicants). The number of decisions on international protection issued by DGMM is not available. Most first instance decisions in the EU-27 were issued to Colombians (24 500), followed by Venezuelans and Syrians (both 17 000), Afghans (9 600), Iraqis (5 500) and Pakistanis (4 800) (Table 7, Figure 5). This plan aims to set-up a coordinated approach and commits all EU Member States to grant high standards of reception, protection and integration for unaccompanied minors. Until the end of the Second World War, most migration was within and out of Europe. First-time asylum applicants down by 30 % in Q3 2020 compared with Q3 2019 and up by 132 % compared with Q2 2020 . The World Migration Report 2020 project commenced in May 2018 and culminated in the launch of the report in November 2019 by the Director General at the 110th session of IOM Council. Data on asylum applications are collected monthly while data on first instance decisions are collected quarterly. Of the 18 100 Syrians who applied for the first time for asylum in the EU in the third quarter of 2020, 60 % were registered in Germany (10 900) while 96 % of 9 600 Venezuelans applied for asylum in Spain (9 200). This article describes recent developments in relation to numbers of asylum applicants and first instance decisions on asylum applications in the European Union (EU). SEPTEMBER 2020. By contrast, the lowest rates were observed in Hungary (1 applicants per million population), Poland (8 applicants per million population) and Estonia (9 applicants per million population). There was hope, this year, that Europe’s migrant crisis might abate. Try the new automatic translation by clicking on the blue icon “Translate” up in the right corner of the article! Europe also played a crucial role in developing a set of rules and norms regulating human mobility in the region. Bosnia and Herzegovina: UNHCR RBE – South Eastern Europe – Asylum Statistics – Summary of key trends observed (as of 30 November 2020) Bosnia and Herzegovina: UNHCR RBE – South Eastern Europe – Asylum Statistics – Summary of key trends observed (as of 31 October 2020) Four priorities for Burundian peacebuilders in 2021 Throughout history, the region has been a central part of global migration systems which its States helped to establish and shape, mainly through mercantilist and colonial expansions. It puts forward the idea of a common European asylum system (CEAS), in particular, it raises the challenge to establish common procedures and uniform status for those granted asylum or subsidiary protection. This pact provides a comprehensive approach, bringing together policy in the areas of migration, asylum, integration and border management, recognising that the overall effectiveness depends on progress on all fronts. World refugee statistics for 2017 was 25,376,316.00, a 12.64% increase from 2016. Among them, 38 % were positive (i.e. Opinions on the European Union refugee policy in the Netherlands 2016-2018. A number of directives in this area have been developed. The data used for this publication are provided to Eurostat by the interior and justice ministries or immigration agencies of the Member States and EFTA countries. An upsurge of violence in Syria’s nine-year civil war raised fears of a new wave of refugees into Europe in early 2020. Rate of recognition is the share of (first instance) positive decisions in the total number of decisions at first instance. Please check your download folder. … An estimated 2,275 died or went missing crossing the Mediterranean in 2018, despite a major drop in the number of arrivals reaching European shores. Such optimism has now faded, replaced by a sobering realisation: 2020 could mark a new low. UNHCR registered refugees by country/territory of asylum between mid-2016 and 2007 Country/territory of asylum Refugees per 1,000 inhabitants in mid-2015 2019 mid-2016 mid-2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 Afghanistan: 7.14 72,228 59,771: 205,558: 280,267: 72: 75: 66: 43: 37: 37: 42 Albania: 0.05 128 138: 154: 104: 96: 86: 82: 76: 70 It is granted to a person who is unable to seek protection in his/her country of citizenship and/or residence, in particular for fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion. Venezuelans received the highest number of decisions granting protection status in the EU Member States, including protection based on national legislations (16 400 positive first instance decisions, or 97 % rate of recognition[5]) (Table 7). Rates of recognition for humanitarian status are not shown, but are part of the 'Total recognition rate'. 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