[199][200], Bengali women commonly wear the sari, often distinctly designed according to local cultural customs. The Marwari’s and Bihari people can actually be found in various corners of the state and also different indigenous Buddhist communities like Sherpas and ethnic Tibetans can be found around the hills of Darjeeling. [57], The state's economic recovery gathered momentum after the central government introduced economic liberalisations in the mid-1990s. West Bengal includes the Darjeeling Himalayan hill region, the Ganges delta, the Rarh region and the coastal Sundarbans. Both West and East Bengal experienced large influxes of refugees during and after partition in 1947. 2018 – 95.8992 Million. [219] Visva-Bharati University at Santiniketan is a central university and an institution of national importance. The state primarily dependent on agriculture and medium-sized industry, although services and heavy industries play an increasingly significant role in the economy of the country. [81] The Teesta, Torsa, Jaldhaka and Mahananda rivers are in the northern hilly region. [119] Important manufacturing industries include: engineering products, electronics, electrical equipment, cables, steel, leather, textiles, jewellery, frigates, automobiles, railway coaches and wagons. Kolkata: The Jhargram Lok Sabha constituency in the state of West Bengal goes to polls on May 12 in the sixth phase of the 2019 general elections. Basirhat is a Lok Sabha / Parliamentary constituency in South East Bengal region of West Bengal in East India. 21. This is based on the 2011 Census and latest estimates put it at around 30 percent of the population. [118]:4, The economy of West Bengal has witnessed many surprising changes in direction. Also prominent are Dwijendralal, Atulprasad and Rajanikanta's songs, and adhunik or modern music from films and other composers. West Bengal, unlike most other states of India, is noted for its passion and patronage of football. [220], Other higher education institutes of importance in West Bengal include: St. Xavier's College, Kolkata, Indian Institute of Foreign Trade, Indian Institute of Management Calcutta (the first IIM), Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Kolkata, Indian Statistical Institute, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (the first IIT), Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur (the first IIEST), Indian Institute of Information Technology, Kalyani, National Institute of Technology, Durgapur, National Institute of Technical Teachers' Training and Research, Kolkata, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Kolkata, and West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences. [46] Calcutta, the headquarters of the East India company, was named the capital of British-held territories in India in 1773. There are two branches of government. They are as follows: 2014 –4.7 Million; 2015 –4.8 Million; 2016 – 5 Million; 2017 – 5.102 Million; 2018 – 5.2024 Million [194] Bengal's vast repertoire of fish-based dishes includes hilsa preparations, a favourite among Bengalis. The population of Howrah as per 2019 and in terms of estimates is 1.896 Million + 0.1112 Million = 2.0072 Million. [137][138], Kolkata is a major river port in eastern India. This urban general constituency has an estimated Scheduled Caste population of 11.72% and a Scheduled Tribe population of 1.02%. In 2012, Uttar Pradesh had the largest number of cattle but this population has come down by almost 4 per cent since. [56] The 1974 smallpox epidemic killed thousands. The judiciary is composed of the Calcutta High Court and a system of lower courts. The Assembly is unicameral with 295 members, or MLAs,[99] including one nominated from the Anglo-Indian community. [135] The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, part of NFR, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In actual numbers, males and females were 31,844,945 and 30,338,168 respectively. [139] There is passenger service to Port Blair on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. On this day, processions begin at the various Buddhist monasteries, or gumpas, and congregate at the Chowrasta (Darjeeling) Mall. [111], As of 2015[update], West Bengal has the sixth-highest GSDP in India. [239], West Bengal has several large stadiums. The state contributes 42 seats to the Lok Sabha[100] and 16 seats to the Rajya Sabha of the Indian Parliament. The British East India Company defeated Siraj ud-Daulah, the last independent Nawab, in the Battle of Plassey in 1757. The western part went to the Dominion of India and was named West Bengal. Diamond Harbour is a Lok Sabha / Parliamentary constituency in South East Bengal region of West Bengal in East India. [214][215] Kolkata has played a pioneering role in the development of the modern education system in India. The Bose Institute, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, S. N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences, Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute, Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute Durgapur, Central Research Institute for Jute and Allied Fibers, National Institute of Research on Jute and Allied Fibre Technology, Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, National Institute of Biomedical Genomics (NIBMG), Kalyani, and the Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre are the most prominent. West Bengal Budget: Money to be spent in areas and communities that backed BJP in 2019 Through the Budget, presented by Finance Minister Amit Mitra in the Assembly on Monday, the ruling Trinamool Congress also tried to win back the support of Matua community — a Scheduled Caste group with presence in at least six Parliamentary constituencies. Universal suffrage is granted to residents. [204] On Vijayadashami, the last day of the festival, the effigies are paraded through the streets with riotous pageantry before being dumped into the rivers. [41], Subsequent Muslim conquests helped spread Islam throughout the region. West Bengal Caste/Religion Wise population, WestBengal Caste wise demographics, Demographics of Kolkata, West Bengal Religion wise population, West Bengal Population, West Bengal Population and Census, Religion in West Bengal, West Bengal Basic Information, Sikh population in West Bengal, upper caste population in West Bengal. The estimated literacy level of Basirhat is 75.78%. The Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science is the first research institute in Asia. [118]:20 Kolkata is the headquarters of three zones of the Indian Railways—Eastern Railway and South Eastern Railway and the Kolkata Metro, which is the newly formed 17th zone of the Indian Railways. Prajna Bhavan, housing the School of Mathematical Sciences and School of RKMVU. The city of Kolkata undergoes a transformation during Durga Puja. He murdered Rajyavardhana, the Buddhist king of Thanesar, and is noted for destroying the Bodhi tree at Bodhgaya, and replacing Buddha statues with Shiva lingams. For West Bengal, Delhi, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat and Punjab, it is “closing now”--2021 being the outer date--according to a 2018 United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) report. Despite the Trinamool Congress government's efforts to forge a consensus on the name change resolution, the Indian National Congress, the Left Front and the Bharatiya Janata Party opposed the resolution. [110] Other larger cities and towns in West Bengal are: Durgapur, Howrah, Bardhaman, Baharampur, Jalpaiguri, Kharagpur and Chandannagar. In August 2016 the West Bengal Legislative Assembly passed another resolution to change the name of West Bengal to "Bengal" in English and "Bangla" in Bengali. [195] Most of the people also consume eggs, chicken, mutton, and shrimp. Eden Gardens was one of only two 100,000-seat cricket stadiums in the world;[240] renovations before the 2011 Cricket World Cup reduced the capacity to 66,000. [2] The Darjeeling Himalayan hill region in the northern extreme of the state is a part of the eastern Himalayas mountain range. [148] The Darjeeling district also has a large Nepali immigrant population, making Nepali a widely spoken language there. [69] Significant strides have been made in reducing unemployment,[70] though the state suffers from substandard healthcare services,[71][72] a lack of socio-economic development,[73] poor infrastructure,[74] unemployment and civil violence. The Koch dynasty in northern Bengal flourished during the 16th and 17th centuries; it weathered the Mughals and survived until the advent of the British colonial era. 18. [114] GSDP percent growth at current prices varied from a low of 10.3% in 2010–2011 to a high of 17.11% in 2013–2014. According to the West Bengal Forest Department, the tiger count for the year 2019-20 rose to 96, from 88 in 2018-19. It has hosted many national and international sporting events like the SAF Games of 1987 and the 2011 FIFA friendly football match between Argentina and Venezuela featuring Lionel Messi. Secondary schools are affiliated with the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE), the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE), the National Institute of Open School (NIOS), West Bengal Board of Secondary Education, or the West Bengal Board of Madrasah Education. The state has a rich legacy of handloom weaving and produces some of the best sorts of cotton and silk sarees in the nation. Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 812 which is 9.93 % of total population of Hingalganj (CT). [150], The state's official languages are Bengali and English;[4] [234], Cricket and association football are popular sports in the state. According to the 2014 electoral rolls, the electorate included 7,59,317 men, 7,07,604 women and 0 voters of the third gender. [166], The latest Sample Registration System (SRS) statistical report shows that West Bengal has the lowest fertility rate among Indian states. Hingalganj is a Census Town city in district of North Twenty Four Parganas, West Bengal. Kazi Nazrul Islam Airport, India's first private sector airport, serves the twin cities of Asansol-Durgapur at Andal, Paschim Bardhaman. [197] Sweets occupy an important place in the diet of Bengalis and at their social ceremonies. [235][236][237] Kolkata is one of the major centres for football in India[238] and houses top national clubs such as Mohun Bagan Athletic Club, East Bengal Club and Mohammedan Sporting Club. [193], Rice and fish are traditional favourite foods, leading to a saying in Bengali, "machhe bhate bangali", that translates as "fish and rice make a Bengali". [94] The alluvial soil of the Gangetic plain, combined with favourable rainfall, makes this region especially fertile. Will the Muslims, constituting 27% of the State’s population… [22] This is the native name of the state, literally meaning "western Bengal" in the native Bengali language. POPULATION OF KOLKATA IN 2019: To find out the actual population of Kolkata in the year 2019, the population figures of the last 5 years has to be taken into account. [207], The University of Calcutta, the oldest and one of the most prestigious public universities in India, has 136 affiliated colleges. [12] The Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971 resulted in an influx of millions of refugees to West Bengal, causing significant strains on its infrastructure. The state contributes 7.8% of India's population. [34] Shashanka is often recorded in Buddhist annals as an intolerant Hindu ruler noted for his persecution of the Buddhists. Marwari, Maithili and Bhojpuri speakers are scattered throughout the state; various indigenous ethnic Buddhist communities such as the Sherpas, Bhutias, Lepchas, Tamangs, Yolmosand et… Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 344 which is 8.35 % of total population … Bagdogra Airport near Siliguri is a customs airport that offers international service to Bhutan and Thailand, besides regular domestic service. [54] In 1950 the Princely State of Cooch Behar merged with West Bengal. The population of all cities and towns in the State … [75][76] In 2006 the state's healthcare system was severely criticised in the aftermath of the West Bengal blood test kit scam. [202], Durga Puja is the biggest, most popular and widely celebrated festival in West Bengal. The Lamas chant mantras and sound their bugles, and students, as well as people from every community, carry the holy books or pustaks on their heads. The Vidyasagar College was established in 1872 and was the first purely Indian-run private college in India. The University of Calcutta and Jadavpur University are prestigious technical universities. The data for 2020 & 2021 is under process and will be updated in few weeks. Armed attempts against the British Raj from Bengal reached a climax when news of Subhas Chandra Bose leading the Indian National Army against the British reached Bengal. [244] In 2008 legendary German goalkeeper, Oliver Kahn played his farewell match on this ground. The movement had many adherents, including: Gaganendranath Tagore, Ramkinkar Baij, Jamini Roy and Rabindranath Tagore. [129] West Bengal has been able to attract 2% of the foreign direct investment in the last decade.[130]. Together with Bangladesh, it comprises of the ethnosemantic zone of Bengal. This rural scheduled caste constituency has an estimated Scheduled Caste population of 31.4% and a Scheduled Tribe population of 7.01%. [86], The "India State of Forest Report 2017", recorded forest area in the state is 16,847 km2 (6,505 sq mi),[87][88] while in 2013, forest area was 16,805 km2 (6,488 sq mi), which was 18.93% of the state's geographical area, compared to the then national average of 21.23%. [235][236][237], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}22°34′N 88°22′E / 22.567°N 88.367°E / 22.567; 88.367 (West Bengal), "Paschim Banga" redirects here. [122], In the period 2004–2010, the average gross state domestic product (GSDP) growth rate was 13.9% (calculated in Indian rupee terms) lower than 15.5%, the average for all states of the country. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); IndiaPopulation2019.com shares the most accurate population of Indian states and its city in 2019. The Bengali film industry is well known for its art films, and has produced acclaimed directors like Satyajit Ray who is widely regarded as one of the greatest filmmakers of the 20th century,[186] Mrinal Sen whose films were known for their artistic depiction of social reality, Tapan Sinha who was one of the most prominent Indian film directors of his time,[187] and Ritwik Ghatak. [223], There are several research institutes in Kolkata. [233] Private FM stations are available only in cities like Kolkata, Siliguri, and Asansol. Dial-up access is provided throughout the state by BSNL and other providers. [103] The state has one autonomous region, the Gorkhaland Territorial Administration. West Bengal schools are run by the state government or private organisations, including religious institutions. [89] Reserves and protected and unclassed forests constitute 59.4%, 31.8% and 8.9%, respectively, of forested areas, as of 2009. There are distinctive techniques for cooking fish dependent upon the surface, fat substance as well as the bones. The region was part of several ancient pan−Indian empires, including the Vangas, Mauryans, and the Guptas. Native Magahi speakers are found in Malda district. [53], When India gained independence in 1947, Bengal was partitioned along religious lines. Bengali Hindus consolidate a vast part of the population over here. West Bengal is also home to indigenous tribal Adivasis such as: Santhal, Munda, Oraon, Bhumij, Lodha, Kol and Toto tribe. Natural resources like tea and jute in nearby areas has made West Bengal a major centre for the jute and tea industries. [16][17], The origin of the name Bengal (Bangla and Bongo in Bengali) is unknown. One theory suggests the word derives from "Bang", the name of a Dravidian tribe that settled the region around 1000 BCE. They are as follows: By checking out the population of West Bengal from 2014-18, it is evident that the population has gone up by 2.1992 Million in the previous 5 years. The Dinhata Municipality has population of 36,124 of which 18,344 are males while 17,780 are females as per report released by Census India 2011. The Bengali Muslim population in West Bengal just after 1947 partition was around 12%. Ancient Bengal was the site of several major Janapadas, while the earliest cities date back to the Vedic period. Post independence, West Bengal's economy is based on agricultural production and small and medium-sized enterprises. Smart cities are being planned close to Kolkata, and major roadway projects are in the offing to revive the economy. Kharisha is a Census Town city in district of Purba Medinipur, West Bengal. Singur Block of Hugli district has total population of 276413 as per the Census 2011. While the summer in the delta region is noted for excessive humidity, the western highlands experience a dry summer like northern India. [123] Many major industries such as the Uttarpara Hindustan Motors car manufacturing unit, the jute industry, and the Haldia Petrochemicals unit experienced shutdowns in 2014. The state has a total area of 88,752 square kilometres (34,267 sq mi). Apart from this there is a Deemed university run by the Ramakrishna mission named Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University at Belur Math. The citadel of Gauḍa served as the capital of the Gauḍa Kingdom, the Pala Empire, and the Sena Empire. As of 2014–2015, per capita NSDP at current prices was Rs 78,903. A leather complex has been built in Kolkata. The high debt (34.8%) is the most challenging issue for West Bengal in comparison to Gujarat (16 %) in the financial year 2019. Images of Jagannath are set upon a chariot and pulled through the streets. [141] There are also private bus companies. West Bengal politics underwent a major change when the Left Front won the 1977 assembly election, defeating the incumbent Indian National Congress. In 2003 the state government supported the creation of West Bengal University of Technology, West Bengal University of Health Sciences, West Bengal State University, and Gour Banga University. Bengalis make distinctive sweetmeats from milk products, including Rôshogolla, Chômchôm, Kalojam and several kinds of sondesh. [221], Jadavpur University (Focus area—Mobile Computing and Communication and Nano-science), and the University of Calcutta (Modern Biology) are among two of the fifteen universities selected under the "University with Potential for Excellence" scheme. Muslim Population in West Bengal is 2.47 Crore (27.01 percent) of total 9.13 Crore. [121] The state's total financial debt stood at ₹1,918,350 million (US$27 billion) as of 2011. Christians, Buddhists and others form a minuscule part of the population. [118]:14 State industries are localised in the Kolkata region, the mineral-rich western highlands, and the Haldia Port region. Monsoons bring rain to the whole state from June to September. [176] Other writers include: Bibhutibhushan Bandopadhyay, best known for his work Pather Panchali; Tarashankar Bandopadhyay, well known for his portrayal of the lower strata of society;[177] Manik Bandopadhyay, a pioneering novelist; and Ashapurna Devi, Shirshendu Mukhopadhyay, Saradindu Bandopadhyay, Buddhadeb Guha, Mahashweta Devi, Samaresh Majumdar, Sanjeev Chattopadhyay, Shakti Chattopadhyay, Buddhadeb Basu,[178] Joy Goswami and Sunil Gangopadhyay. Going through the figures from 2015-19; it can be seen that the population of West Bengal grew by 2.23904 Million in the past 5 years. 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